Board of Directors
Ambassador Graham became a director of the Company on April 2, 2006, and chairman of the Board on April 4, 2006. Ambassador Graham served as a member of the board of directors of Thorium Power, Inc., from 1997 until the merger with the Company. He is one of the world’s leading experts on nuclear non-proliferation and has served as a senior U.S. diplomat involved in the negotiation of every major international arms control and non-proliferation agreement involving the United States during the period from 1970 to 1997, including the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (the Interim Agreement on Strategic Offensive Arms, the Anti- Ballistic Missile Treaty, and the Salt II Treaty), the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (the Start I Treaty and the Start II Treaty), the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty, the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty Extension, the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty, and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. In 1993, Ambassador Graham served as the Acting Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and for seven months in 1994 served as the Acting Deputy Director. From 1994 through 1997, he served as the Special Representative of the President of the United States for Arms Control, Non-Proliferation and Disarmament with the rank of Ambassador, and in this capacity successfully led U.S. government efforts to achieve the permanent extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1995. He also served for 15 years as the general counsel of ACDA.
Ambassador Graham worked on the negotiation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention. He drafted the implementing legislation for the Biological Weapons Convention and managed the Senate approval of the ratification of the Geneva Protocol banning the use in war of chemical and biological weapons. Mr. Graham served as a member of the International Advisory Board for the nuclear program of the United Arab Emirates from 2009 through its termination in October 2017. He is also Chairman of the Board of CanAlaska Uranium Ltd. of Vancouver, Canada (TSX: CVV), a uranium exploration company.
Ambassador Graham received an A.B. in 1955 from Princeton University and a J.D. in 1961 from Harvard Law School. He is a member of the Kentucky, the District of Columbia and the New York Bar Associations and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He chaired the Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament of the American Bar Association from 1986-1994. Ambassador Graham received the Trainor Award for Distinction in Diplomacy from Georgetown University in 1995 and the World Order Under Law award from the International Law Section of the American Bar Association in 2007. He has taught at a number of universities as an adjunct professor including the University of Virginia Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, the University of Washington, the University of Tennessee, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. He has published numerous non-fiction books, including The Alternate Route: Nuclear Weapon Free Zones and Seeing the Light, the Case for Nuclear Power in the 21st Century in 2017 and Unending Crisis in 2012, as well as a historical novel, Sapphire, A Tale of the Cold War in 2014.
Xingping Hou, is the founder and currently serves as Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and President of General Agriculture Corporation, one of China's largest orange producers. Mr. Hou has also served as the Chairman of the Board for each of General Red Industry Group Co., Ltd. and Shaanxi General Red Agricultural Development Co., Ltd. since May 2010 and October 2010, respectively. He has also served as the Chairman of the Board and President of General Red International, Inc. since November 2007. Since May 2011, Mr. Hou has served as the Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman of General Red Holding, Inc. Mr. Hou has also served as a director of Hua Mei Investments Limited and Han Glory International Limited since April 2011. Mr. Hou brings historical and operational expertise and experience to the Board.
In addition to being a trained nuclear physicist, Victor Alessi has extensive hands-on experience running nonproliferation programs in both the public and private sectors. As the longtime U.S. representative on the Governing Board of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) in Moscow, Dr. Alessi participates in policy and decision making on threat reduction projects throughout the former Soviet Union. He also chairs the board of the Science and Technology Center in Ukraine, which coordinates international nonproliferation projects between private companies, governments, and industry. Dr. Alessi is president emeritus of the U.S. Industry Coalition, an international trade association that fosters nuclear nonproliferation by engaging WMD experts in peaceful commercial projects. He is also past president of DynMeridian, a private company that specialized in matters of arms control, nonproliferation, and information technology.
As director of the U.S. Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation in the Department of Energy, Dr. Alessi oversaw all arms control activities during the administration of President George H.W. Bush; he played an instrumental role in implementing the U.S. unilateral nuclear initiative in 1991. Later, as executive assistant to the director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Dr. Alessi advised on nuclear nonproliferation and oversaw the agency's daily operations. He has been a delegate to or a participant in the negotiation of several foundational international nonproliferation agreements, including START, SALT II, the CTBT, and the INF Treaty.
Along with his governmental, business, and industry savvy, Dr. Alessi brings valuable scientific expertise to the Lightbridge board as a trained nuclear physicist: he holds PhD and master's degrees in nuclear physics from Georgetown, as well as a licentiate in philosophy from Fordham University. Dr. Alessi joined Lightbridge in 2006 and is chairman of the Compensating Committee.
A member of the Board of Directors of the Company and its predecessors since 1996, Mr. Magraw is a leading expert on international environmental law and policy, as well as on international human rights. He is a Senior Fellow and Professorial Lecturer at the Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and President Emeritus of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL). Mr. Magraw was the President and CEO of CIEL from 2002-2010. Mr. Magraw is chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of International Law's Carta de Foresta Task Force, serves as a consultant to the United Nations, was a member of the U.S. Department of State Study Group on International Business Transactions, and was Chair of the 15,000-member Section of International Law and Practice of the ABA.
From 1992-2001, he was Director of the International Environmental Law Office of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, during which time he also served at the White House (2000-2001) and as Acting Assistant Administrator of the EPA's Office of International Activities. He was a member of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (TEPAC) from 2002-2010.
He practiced international law, constitutional law, and bankruptcy law at Covington & Burling in Washington, DC from 1978-1983. Mr. Magraw is a widely-published author in the field of international law and has received many awards. He graduated from Harvard University with High Honors in Economics, where he was student body president, and from the University of California, Berkeley Law School, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Law Review. While working as an economist for the Peace Corps in India from 1968 to 1972, Mr. Magraw helped develop and managed the largest and most successful cooperative of its type (wholesale, retail, furniture manufacturing and food processing) in India.
Ms. Townsend became a director of the Company in October 2013. Ms. Townsend has a long history of accomplishment in the public arena, and for the last decade in the private sector. Since 2007, she served as a managing director and currently as a senior advisor at the Rock Creek Group, an investment management company. Ms. Townsend has also served as director of retirement security at the Economic Policy Institute since November 2017. In addition, Ms. Townsend serves on the board of directors for the Pension Rights Center (a nonprofit consumer advocacy organization), NewTower Trust Company (a non-depository trust company that provides fiduciary and trustee services to the Multi-Employer Property Trust (MEPT), an open-end commingled real estate equity fund), and CanAlaska Uranium Ltd. (TSX: CVV) (a Canadian uranium exploration company).
As the State of Maryland’s first woman Lt. Governor, Ms. Townsend was in charge of a multimillion dollar budget and had oversight of major cabinet departments, including Economic Development and Transportation, State Police, Public Safety and Correction and Juvenile Justice. Prior to being elected Lt. Governor, Ms. Townsend served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General of the United States. In that role, she led the planning to put 100,000 police officers into the community and she ignited the Police Corps, a program to give college scholarships to young people who pledge to work as police officers for four years after graduation.
Prior to serving at the Department of Justice, Ms. Townsend spent seven years as the founder and director of the Maryland Student Service Alliance where she led the fight to make Maryland the first-and only-state to make service a graduation requirement.
She has been appointed Special Advisor at the Department of State, and a Research Professor at the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University, where she focuses on retirement security. She is a Woodrow Wilson Fellow. She taught foreign policy at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County and has been a visiting Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. In the mid-1980s, she founded the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award.
She chairs the Center for Popular Democracy which builds the strength and capacity of democratic organizations. Ms. Townsend is also a member of the Council of Foreign Relations and the Inter-American Dialogue. For the last eight years she has been Vice-Chair of the Future of Science conference held in Venice Italy and for the last four years Vice-Chair of Science for Peace held in Milan.
Ms. Townsend has chaired the Institute of Human Virology founded by Dr. Robert Gallo, which treats over 700,000 patients in Africa as part of the PEPFAR program, has chaired the Robert Kennedy Memorial and has been on the Board of Directors of the John F Kennedy Library Foundation. Previously, she served on a number of boards including the Export-Import Bank, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), the Wilderness Society, the Points of Light Foundation, the National Catholic Reporter and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, and the Baltimore Urban League.
An honors graduate of Harvard University, Ms. Townsend received her law degree from the University of New Mexico where she was a member of the law review. She has received fourteen honorary degrees. A member of the bar in Maryland, Connecticut and Massachusetts, she is also a certified broker-dealer.
Ms. Townsend’s book, Failing America’s Faithful: How Today’s Churches Mixed God with Politics and Lost Their Way was published by Warner Books in March 2007.
Since Lightbridge’s founding, Seth Grae has led the strategic direction and financing efforts of the company, including taking the company public. Under his leadership, Lightbridge has become a leading developer of advanced nuclear fuel technologies. Lightbridge also provides advisory services to developing and existing nuclear energy programs seeking to meet the highest international standards of safety, non-proliferation and transparency.
Seth and his team at Lightbridge are developing fuel technology to improve the safety and economics of existing and new power reactors. Lightbridge’s proprietary fuel technology promises to enable nuclear power to compete internationally as a reliable source of baseload electricity, without emitting greenhouse gases or polluting the air.
For countries seeking to start or expand nuclear power programs, Lightbridge advises governments and conducts feasibility studies through procurement and operations. Lightbridge’s first major international engagement was in the United Arab Emirates, to develop the strategic plan—the Roadmap for Success—for its commercial nuclear energy program. Seth and his family lived in Abu Dhabi during the procurement process for the four reactors. Today, Lightbridge’s advisory services are engaged by U.S. and overseas governmental entities on critically important nuclear energy matters.
Prior to his tenure at Lightbridge, Seth was a corporate attorney in New York. He is a guest speaker at universities and at international conferences on energy, nuclear power and the environment.
Seth is a member of the Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee (CINTAC), which advises the U.S. Commerce Secretary on international trade issues facing the nuclear power industry.
He is a member of the Nuclear Energy Institute Suppliers Advisory Committee, the American University Washington College of Law Dean’s Advisory Council, and previously served as Vice Chair of the Governing Board of Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, member of the Board of Directors of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security, and co-chair of the American Bar Association Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament.
Seth earned a B.A. (cum laude) from Brandeis University; an M.B.A. and an LL.M. in international law (with honors) from Georgetown University; and a J.D. from American University.
- M.B.A., International Executive MBA Program, Georgetown University
- LL.M., International Law, with Honors, Georgetown University
- J.D., American University
- B.A., Cum Laude, Economics, Brandeis University
- Member, Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee, United States Department of Commerce
- Member, Suppliers Advisory Committee, Nuclear Energy Institute
- Member, Dean’s Advisory Council, American University Washington College of Law