Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr. is a former senior-level diplomat and a world-renowned authority on nuclear nonproliferation. As a U.S. diplomat, Ambassador Graham was involved in the negotiation of every major arms control and nonproliferation agreement from 1970 to 1997, including START, SALT, the CTBT, the INF Treaty, and the ABM Treaty, among many others. He participated in nuclear talks with more than 100 countries. For 15 years, Graham was general counsel for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, where he also served as acting director for one year. He has advised five U.S. presidents on issues related to nuclear nonproliferation; as President Bill Clinton's special representative for arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament, Graham headed the U.S. delegation that successfully led efforts to permanently extend the NPT.
In 2010 Graham was appointed to the United Arab Emirates' International Advisory Board, helping to guide that country's nuclear energy program and hold it to the highest standards of safety, security, and nonproliferation. He is board chairman of the Cypress Fund for Peace and Security, board chairman of the Mexco Energy Corporation, and a board director of CanAlaska Uranium Ltd. Graham has lectured at Stanford, Georgetown, and the University of Virginia Law School, among others, on topics related to disarmament and nuclear security. He has authored numerous articles and books in the nonproliferation field.
Graham joined Lightbridge in 2006 and serves as executive chairman of the Board of Directors. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School and his bachelor's degree from Princeton.
In addition to being a trained nuclear physicist, Victor Alessi has extensive hands-on experience running nonproliferation programs in both the public and private sectors. As the longtime U.S. representative on the Governing Board of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) in Moscow, Dr. Alessi participates in policy and decision making on threat reduction projects throughout the former Soviet Union. He also chairs the board of the Science and Technology Center in Ukraine, which coordinates international nonproliferation projects between private companies, governments, and industry. Dr. Alessi is president emeritus of the U.S. Industry Coalition, an international trade association that fosters nuclear nonproliferation by engaging WMD experts in peaceful commercial projects. He is also past president of DynMeridian, a private company that specialized in matters of arms control, nonproliferation, and information technology.
As director of the U.S. Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation in the Department of Energy, Dr. Alessi oversaw all arms control activities during the administration of President George H.W. Bush; he played an instrumental role in implementing the U.S. unilateral nuclear initiative in 1991. Later, as executive assistant to the director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Dr. Alessi advised on nuclear nonproliferation and oversaw the agency's daily operations. He has been a delegate to or a participant in the negotiation of several foundational international nonproliferation agreements, including START, SALT II, the CTBT, and the INF Treaty.
Along with his governmental, business, and industry savvy, Dr. Alessi brings valuable scientific expertise to the Lightbridge board as a trained nuclear physicist: he holds PhD and master's degrees in nuclear physics from Georgetown, as well as a licentiate in philosophy from Fordham University. Dr. Alessi joined Lightbridge in 2006 and is chairman of the Compensating Committee.
A member of the Board of Directors of the Company and its predecessors since 1996, Mr. Magraw is a leading expert on international environmental law and policy, as well as on international human rights. He is a Senior Fellow and Professorial Lecturer at the Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and President Emeritus of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL). Mr. Magraw was the President and CEO of CIEL from 2002-2010. Mr. Magraw is chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of International Law's Carta de Foresta Task Force, serves as a consultant to the United Nations, was a member of the U.S. Department of State Study Group on International Business Transactions, and was Chair of the 15,000-member Section of International Law and Practice of the ABA.
From 1992-2001, he was Director of the International Environmental Law Office of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, during which time he also served at the White House (2000-2001) and as Acting Assistant Administrator of the EPA's Office of International Activities. He was a member of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (TEPAC) from 2002-2010.
He practiced international law, constitutional law, and bankruptcy law at Covington & Burling in Washington, DC from 1978-1983. Mr. Magraw is a widely-published author in the field of international law and has received many awards. He graduated from Harvard University with High Honors in Economics, where he was student body president, and from the University of California, Berkeley Law School, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Law Review. While working as an economist for the Peace Corps in India from 1968 to 1972, Mr. Magraw helped develop and managed the largest and most successful cooperative of its type (wholesale, retail, furniture manufacturing and food processing) in India.
Ms. Townsend has a distinguished history of accomplishment in the public arena, and for the last decade in the private sector. She is a Managing Director at the Rock Creek Group, a leading, highly respected global investment and advisory firm that provides investors with solutions to achieve their return and risk objectives. The Rock Creek Group is trusted by endowments, foundations, corporate and public pension funds, sovereign wealth funds and other institutional investors to preserve and expand their assets, which support retired people and future generations, as well as revered charitable institutions, universities and colleges.
She is also the Founder of the Center of Research Initiatives at Georgetown University, where she serves as a Research Professor. She was appointed Chair of the Governor’s Retirement Security Task Force for the State of Maryland.
As the State of Maryland’s first woman Lieutenant Governor, Ms. Townsend was in charge of a multimillion dollar budget and had oversight of major cabinet departments, including Economic Development and Transportation, State Police, Public Safety and Correction and Juvenile Justice. Prior to being elected Lt. Governor, Ms. Townsend served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General of the United States. In that role, she led the planning to put 100,000 police officers into the community and she initiated the Police Corps, a program to give college scholarships to young people who pledge to work as police officers for four years after graduation.
Prior to serving at the Department of Justice, Ms. Townsend led the fight to make Maryland the first—and only—state to make service a high school graduation requirement.
She has been appointed Special Advisor at the Department of State. She is a Woodrow Wilson Fellow, has taught foreign policy at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Maryland and has been a visiting Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. In the mid-1980s, she founded the Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award.
She Chairs Correct the Record. Previously she Chaired the Institute of Human Virology founded by Dr. Robert Gallo, which treats over 700,000 patients in Africa as part of the PEPFAR program, has chaired the Robert Kennedy Memorial and has been on the Board of Directors of the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation.
She has served on a number of boards including the Export-Import Bank, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), the Wilderness Society, the Points of Light Foundation, the National Catholic Reporter and the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, the Baltimore Urban League the Center for American Progress, and New Tower Trust. Ms. Townsend is also a member of the Council of Foreign Relations and the Inter-American Dialogue. She is the Vice-Chair of the Future of Science conference held in Venice Italy.
An honors graduate of Harvard University, Ms. Townsend received her law degree from the University of New Mexico where she was a member of the law review. She has received fourteen honorary degrees. Ms. Townsend’s book, Failing America’s Faithful: How Today’s Churches Mixed God with Politics and Lost Their Way has been published by Warner Books in March 2007.
Mr. Grae has led the strategic direction and financing efforts of Lightbridge since its founding, including taking the company public. During his tenure, Lightbridge has evolved into a leader in developing advanced nuclear fuel technologies and in providing advisory services to developing and existing nuclear energy programs seeking to meet the highest international standards of safety, non-proliferation, and transparency. He leads Lightbridge’s efforts to develop and deploy advanced nuclear reactor fuel that will result in significantly more electricity being provided from existing and new reactors, as well as dramatically enhanced safety, to allow nuclear power to compete and grow internationally as a non-emitting source of base load electricity. Lightbridge also advises governments of countries seeking to start nuclear power programs from feasibility studies through procurement and operations. Lightbridge’s first major international engagement was to develop the strategic plan—the Roadmap for Success—for commercial nuclear energy for the United Arab Emirates, and Mr. Grae and his family lived in Abu Dhabi during the procurement process for the initial four reactors. Lightbridge is engaged by domestic and overseas governmental entities on critically important civil nuclear advisory matters. Mr. Grae has worked extensively in North America, Asia, and Europe, and has also traveled extensively in South America, Africa, and Australia. Prior to Lightbridge, he worked as a corporate attorney in New York. Mr. Grae is regularly invited to guest lecture at universities, including MIT, Princeton, the University of Chicago, Brandeis, and George Washington. His opinions are also sought by national media, including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg TV, Fox Business News, Washington Post, and MIT Technology Review, as well as international media such as BBC, Financial Times, and Times of India. He is also a regular invited speaker at major international conferences on energy, nuclear power, and the environment.
Mr. Grae is a member of the Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee (CINTAC) to the U.S. Secretary of Commerce and is a member of the Dean’s Advisory Council at the Washington College of Law at American University. He has served as a member of the Nuclear Energy Institute's Suppliers Advisory Committee, as Vice Chair of the Governing Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, as a member of the Board of Directors of the Lawyers Alliance for World Security, and as Co-chair of the American Bar Association’s Committee on Arms Control & Disarmament.
Mr. Grae earned a B.A. (cum laude) from Brandeis University; an M.B.A. and an L.L.M. in international law (with honors) from Georgetown University; and a J.D. from American University.
MBA, Georgetown University
L.L.M., International Law, with Honors, Georgetown University
J.D., American University
B.A., Cum Laude, Brandeis University
Member, Civil Nuclear Trade Advisory Committee to the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
Member, Nuclear Energy Institute's Suppliers Advisory Committee